Obesity in the world

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According to a new study for the first time in 188 countries, 2.3 billion people, equivalent to 30 percent of the world’s population, were found to be overweight or obese. Thus, obesity has become a major epidemic of public health in the developing and developed world.
In this study, increased rates of weight gain and obesity among adults were among men (29 to 37%) and among women (30-38%).
And increased rates of obesity and increased weight in developed countries either women showed the highest rates of obesity in developing countries.

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According to Dr. Christopher Murray, director of the IHME Institute , obesity affects people of all ages and everywhere. No country in the last three decades has achieved any success in reducing the rates of obesity and is expected to increase these rates, either in developing or middle-income countries that have not taken any action to address this global crisis.
Considering the rates of obesity in different countries all over the world, and according to a study standardized according to age, 13% of the total count of obese people in the world live in the United States, while 15% of the world’s population is suffering from obesity and live in both China and India.

The obesity increased globally among children and adolescents during the years 1980-2013.

And increased weight increased by 50% In 2013 found that more than 22% of girls and 24% of boys in the developed country suffer from obesity, while 13% of boys and more than 13% of girls in the developing country are undernourished and The rates of obesity are very high in North Africa and Middle Eastern countries especially among girls.

In The countries of the Middle East, North Africa,America, the Caribbean islands and the Pacific Sea have reached 44% of the rates of increase in weight and obesity .

In 2013 the rates of overweight and obesity in the Middle East and North Africa, reach more than 58% of men and 65% of women age 20 or older were found to be either overweight or obese. More than two-thirds of the countries in the region had overweight and obesity rates of over 50% in adult men and women. In Central America, more than 57% of adult men and more than 65% of adult women were overweight or obese, with the highest prevalence – greater than 50% among men and women – found in Colombia, Costa Rica, and Mexico. In the Pacific Islands, nearly 44% of men and more than 51% of women are overweight or obese, as are nearly 38% of men and more than 50% of women in the Caribbean.

Over the last 30 years the percentage of people who are over weight or obese has a risen all over the world.
In developed countries, where the obesity began to affect the community in the 1980s, accelerated from 1992 to 2002, then it started to slow its prevalence since 2006. Conversely, in developing countries, almost two-thirds of the world’s obese people are currently living there, and the increase of such cases are likely to continue.

More than 50% of the world’s 671 million obese live in 10 countries : 1-USA 2-China, 3- India, 4-Russia, 5-Brazil, 6-Mexico,7- Egypt, 8-Germany, 9-Pakistan, 10-Indonesia.

The US, United Kingdom, and Australia are among the high-income countries with large gains in obesity among men and women the Middle East showed large increases in obesity Over the 33-year period of research, Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Kuwait were among the countries with the largest increases in obesity globally.

In addition to those countries, obesity was recorded in the Oceania region: Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia and Samoa – where the prevalence of obesity in women exceeded 50%. In Tonga, the studies indicated that the prevalence of obesity in men and women is more than 50%.

In sub-Saharan Africa, the highest obesity rates (42%) are seen among South African women.

Health risks such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and chronic kidney disease increase when a person’s BMI exceeds 30. In 2010, obesity and overweight were estimated to have caused 3.4 million deaths, most of which were from cardiovascular causes. Research indicates that the rise in obesity could lead to future declines in life expectancy.

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